table, chair, armoire, desk, mirror and armchair in
William and Mary style
1689 - 1702
William III and Mary II reigned over England, Ireland and
1689. Mary died in 1694, William in 1702.
William and Mary style has Flemish, Dutch, French and Chinese
influences. Huguenot refugees from France worked in the cabinetmakersí.
It is characterized by trumpet turned legs, terminating in a hoof, claw,
or ball feet, padded or caned chair seats, and Oriental
The chairbacks were high, and rounded at the top with carving, shaped
slightly to fit the shape of your body. The banisterback chair, with
and without arms, replaced the caneback chair. The back legs of the
chairs were splayed out at the bottom. Settees, upholstered or with
loose cushions came in the main room.
Highboys and lowboys, with six high elaborated trumpet-shaped legs or
spiral-turned legs, appeared and rapidly became a favorite of the
Some of the furniture was made of oak
, but the Colonial workmen were finding walnut, maple, pine, apple wood, sycamore, and
other native woods much easier to use.
Marquetry became an important feature of decoration often the form of
elaborate floral patterns, cockle shell and acanthus leaf, or
Some of the furniture was painted and gilded.
Hardware, made of cast brass, became decorative as well as functional.