sofa, dressing table, armchair,
armoire, mirror, secretary and bed in
Louis XV style furniture
1722 - 1774
XV of France, born in 1710, is the great-grandson of Louis XIV
and was officially crowned in 1722.
furniture is associated with the French Louis XV style.
Ebenistes worked ebony
into cabinets that were carved in shallow relief and fanciful patterns
of tortoiseshell and ivory inlaid on layers of veneer. Bronze mounts
decorated this high-style furniture.
Curved lines and asymmetry became the rule and was expressed in the
elaboration of surface ornament. The fashion for Chinese lacquer had an
influence on European. New items appeared: chiffoniers, writing desks
with flaps, card tables, roll-top desks, wooden panelling, and ladies'
furniture: dressing tables, chairs with short armrests, desks,
escritoires. A taste for secrecy, which pervaded society, resulted in
multiple hiding places incorporated in articles of Louis XV furniture
which opened with springs.
Caned chairs and canapés were extremely fashionable under
Louis XV, and they were fitted with loose seat cushions. The frames
were generally made of beech,
There were almost one hundred exotic woods, covering practically the
entire range of different colours used in marquetry work.
wood, which has a fine grain and is a good medium for carving,
was used for chairs, tables, commodes, cupboards and other similar
articles. The wood was often painted or in gold leaf. Considerable
bronze ornamentation was an essential part of some items.
Rocks and shells with foliage and flowers dominated the theme of the
ornament with blossoms, sprays and tendrils, reeds, branches of palm
The acanthus leaf, originated in ancient Greece, often elaborately
serrated and fringed became very long and narrow.
Especially fashionable themes were musical instruments, such as the
violin, flageolet and tambourine, hunting and fishing, symbols of love,
such as bows, arrows and torches, and pastoral emblems, such as crooks
and the large straw hats of shepherdesses.